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Motherwort, herb (Leonurus quinquelobatus, herba)

Motherwort, herb

(Leonurus quinquelobatus, herba)

       Motherwort is a flowering plant in the mint family, Lamiaceae. From the perennial root-stock rise the square, stout stems, 2 to 3 feet high, erect and branched, principally below, the angles prominent. The leaves are very closely set, the radical ones on slender, long petioles, ovate, lobed and toothed, those on the stem, 2 to 3 inches long, petioled, wedge-shaped; the lower roundish, palmately five-lobed, the lobes trifid at the apex, the upper three-fid, coarsely serrate, reticulately veined, the veinlets prominent beneath, with slender, curved hairs. The uppermost leaves and bracts are very narrow and entire, or only with a tooth on each side, and bear in their axils numerous whorls of pinkish, or nearly white, sessile flowers, six to fifteen in a whorl. The corollas, though whitish on the outside, are stained with paler or darker purple within. They have rather short tubes and nearly flat upper lips, very hairy above, with long, woolly hairs. The two front stamens are the longest and the anthers are sprinkled with hard, shining dots. The plant blossoms in August. It has rather a pungent odour and a very bitter taste. It is a dull green, the leaves paler below, pubescent, especially on the angles of the stem and the underside of the leaves, the hairs varying much in length and abundance. Medicinal Uses - diaphoretic, antispasmodic, tonic, nervine, emmenagogue. Motherwort is especially valuable in female weakness and disorders (hence the name), allaying nervous irritability and inducing quiet and passivity of the whole nervous system. As a tonic, it acts without producing febrile excitement, and in fevers, attended with nervousness and delirium, it is extremely useful.



       The upper parts of stems 25-37 sm long with flowers and leaves. The stems are square, hollow has a greygreen colour, from 0,1 to 0,45 sm thickness. Leaves are opposite, green coloured, basal - wedge shaped with three-five points or separate, in inflorescence they ere three points wedge shaped, large-toothed or with whole border, to 8 sm in length and in 12 sm thickness. The inflorescence are earliked, interrupted; flowers are gathered in 10-18 in axiles of leaves. The calyx is tubular-campanula with five awlliked sharpen tooths, conic, prickly and green. ³ is dark-pink or violet-pink, to 0,12 sm long, with two lips, longer then the calyx, the upper lip is with the whole border, the lower three lobed; there are 4 stamens; upper ovary. Leaves and flower's calyx are hairy.